What are cookies?
Cookies are files that may be downloaded to your computer as you browse web pages. These are tools that play an essential role in the provision of many information society services. Among other things, they enable a website to store and retrieve information about the browsing habits of a user or their terminal and, depending on the information obtained, they may be used to recognise the user and improve the service offered.
Types of cookies
Depending on the entity that manages the domain from which the cookies are sent and processes the data obtained, two types can be identified:
- Own Cookies: These are cookies that are sent to the user’s terminal from a terminal or domain managed by the publisher itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
- Third party cookies: These are cookies that are sent to the user’s terminal from a terminal or domain that is not managed by the publisher itself, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.
Cookies that are installed sent from a terminal or domain managed by the publisher itself but the information collected through them is managed by a third party cannot be considered as own cookies.
There is also a second classification according to the length of time they are stored in the client’s browser, which may be:
- Session Cookies: Designed to collect and store data while the user is accessing a website. They are usually used to store information that is only relevant for the provision of the service requested by the user at that particular interaction only (e.g. a list of products purchased).
- Persistent Cookies: The data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed for a period defined by the entity responsible for the cookie, which can range from a few minutes to several years.
Finally, there is another classification with five types of cookies according to the purpose for which the data obtained is processed:
- Technical cookies: Cookies that enable the user to browse through a web page, platform, or application and use the different options or services that exist on it, such as, for example, controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing restricted access parts, remembering the elements that make up an order, making the purchase process of an order, making the request to register or participate in an event, using security elements during browsing, storing content for video or sound distribution, or sharing content through social networks.
- Customisation Cookies: These enable the user to access the service with some general features predefined according to a series of criteria in the user’s terminal, such as the language, the browser type used to access the service, the regional configuration from which the service is accessed, etc.
- Analysis Cookies: These enable the entity responsible for them to track and analyse the behaviour of the users on the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used to measure the performance of websites, applications, or platforms and to create navigation profiles of the users of these websites, applications, and platforms, in order to make improvements based on the analysis of the usage data provided by the service users.
- Advertising Cookies: These enable the management of advertising spaces in the most efficient way.
- Behavioural advertising cookies: These cookies store information on the behaviour of the users obtained through the continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows them to develop a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
Disabling and deleting cookies
You have the option to enable, block, or delete cookies installed on your terminal by configuring the settings of the browser installed on your terminal. By disabling cookies, some of the services available may become inoperative. The settings for disabling cookies are different for each browser, but they can usually be changed from the Tools or Options menu. You may also check the browser’s Help menu where you can find further instructions. The user may at any time choose which cookies they wish to enable on this website.
You can enable, block, or delete the cookies installed on your terminal by configuring the options of the browser installed on your computer.
In addition, you can also manage your browser’s cookie storage using tools such as the following
Below you will find the cookies used by this website, as well as their typology and function:
With this information available, the following actions are possible:
- Accept cookies. This notice will not be displayed again when accessing any page on the website during the current session.
- Close. The notice is hidden on the current page.